Washington
Limitations on Charges, Billing, and Collections
Washington limits nonprofit hospital billing and collection practices.

A nonprofit or for-profit hospital may not begin collection activities until it has made an initial determination of whether the patient has public or private insurance and whether the responsible party is indigent and eligible for free or discounted care. Wash. Admin. Code 246-453-020(1); Wash. Rev. Code §70.170.060(6). If a hospital’s initial determination finds that the patient may be an indigent person, collection efforts must cease until a final determination is made. Wash. Admin. Code 246-453-020(1)(c).